The Tabernacle – The Table

The Table

Exo 25:23-30 Exo 37:10-16 Lev. 24:5-9

A. Its construction

1. acacia wood: 36" L, 18" W, 27" H

surrounded by a border or moulding – probably to keep things secure on the top while being carried

rings for gold-overlaid acacia wood carrying poles

2. overlaid with gold

like everything else in the holy place

3. parallels with the Ark of the Covenant

same materials

same height

same method of transportation

"linguistic connection" between instructions for making the two articles of furniture – וְ particle conjunction עשׂה verb qal waw consec perfect 2nd person masculine singular homonym: "also you shall make"

B. Its accessories

1. dishes

for the Bread of the Presence

2. pans

or saucers for frankincense which would be burned at the end of the week when the stale bread was replaced

3. pitchers

containing wine for a drink-offering

4. bowls

to receive the wine as the drink-offering was poured out

5. all constructed of gold

The Table was to be equipped with containers of four kinds, all of them of pure gold. The first of these, the הרעק, appears to have been a dish or plate onto which the Bread of the Presence was placed (Kelso, Ceramic Vocabulary, 31, no. 77); the second, the ףכּ, was a small pan (Kelso, 22, no. 47), onto which הכז הנבל “pure frankincense” was placed as an accompaniment offering to the Bread of the Presence (Lev 24:7); the third, the הושׂק, was a pitcher for the wine of the libation, or drink-offering (Kelso, 31, no. 78); the fourth, the היקנמ, was a bowl (cf. Kelso, 24, no. 54) into which the libation was poured. Word Biblical Commentary

C. Its use

1. the bread of the Presence

continually there even when being transported Num 4:7-10

made and set up by the Levites 12 loaves of 4 quarts flour each, unleavened bread

eaten by the priests

2. accompanied by:



D. Its significance

1. the place of communion – the table

the basis of communion – the atoning cover

2. a continual presence

life is lived coram Deo

3. dual fellowship

with God

with one another

4. spiritual nourishment

the bread of life

The twelve loaves symbolize the twelve tribes of Israel as constantly being under the scrutiny, care, and preservation of God (cf. John 6:32-38). Just as that bread also supplied the needs of priests on the Sabbath in the Holy Place (see Lev 24:5-9), so Jesus also meets the needs of his children in this generation (John 6:32-35). Expositor’s Bible Commentary


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