1 Timothy 2:8-10
In Matt. 16:18, Lord Jesus declared purpose to build a church. Would withstand anything death and hell could throw at it. Means it has to be built on right foundation with right kind of materials. Wise builder has clear expectations: mind’s-eye view of finished structure, full understanding of how to get there, ability to communicate both to others. Lord Jesus lacks none of those. Communicated clearly to the apostles, through the apostles, we have in our Bibles the content of that communication.
Last time in Part 1, established basis beginning with Creation for gender distinctions – God made mankind male and female. We don’t get to pick gender, God already decided. God didn’t end his decision-making with creation’s Day 7. Continues as he further sets out how the order God laid down in creation follows, plays out in daily life for mankind. Don’t lose sight of fact that we’re talking about circumstances prior to Fall. The nature of roles for men and women in home and church are what they are because God ordered it that way, before sin, not as a consequence for sin.
Bible teaches us that men have things to do in the home and church, women have things to do in the home and church, people apart from gender have things to do in the home and church. Bible gives us foundation for those roles, makes it plain they should be filled by praying men and godly women.
A. foundation for roles
1 Cor. 1:2; 2 Cor. 2:14; 1 Thess. 1:8 1 Tim. 2:8 εν παντι τοπω (MacArthur, Lindsay, Lock)
everywhere / in every place: technical term, 4x, when gathered for worship
is apparent this is what is meant by context, given what follows in 1 Tim. – addresses conduct of men / women in church meetings, qualifications for office-holders, pastoral care of church members, dealing with false doctrine
beginning trajectory – male leadership
parallelism between creative order / human family / church family
Adam created first, Eve created from Adam and as a helper to him – Gen. 2:18
husband is head of wife as Christ is head of church – Eph. 5:23 – connected back to creation order in Eph. 5:31 (quotes Gen. 2:24 to establish the point)
men & women have defined roles within church family – tied directly to creation order and Fall – 1 Tim. 2:13-14
and roles within the home – 1 Tim. 3:4-5, 12; Titus 2:3-5
consistent pattern here, would expect that from a God who is “not a God of confusion” (1 Cor. 14:33)
position as outlined is strongly counter-cultural
culture says leadership is up for grabs; Bible says leadership comes with territory as assigned by God
are you husband? Bible declares you are the head, the leader of your family
culture says church leadership open to anyone with right skills; Bible uses different rubric
are you member of local church? Bible defines distinct ways men & women are to serve family of God
Bible also defines areas of overlap: 1 Corinthians chapters 12-14; Romans chapter 12; Ephesians chapter 4; and 1 Peter chapter 4 provide extensive teaching on nature and exercise of gifts
prophecy, service, teaching, exhortation, giving, leadership, mercy, wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, distinguishing of spirits, tongues, interpretation of tongues, apostleship, helps, administration, evangelism, shepherd, hospitality, intercession – some have ceased, many not gender-specific
B. praying men
men should take the initiative
leaders are out front – first to act, first to serve
“one another” 44x in NT
leaders are accountable – God has assigned certain responsibilities to men, men are answerable for their actions
this all shouldn’t be a surprise: natural tendency of boys to be active, doing, trying things
men should be known as pray-ers – first expectation, more to follow!
Paul, speaking with apostolic authority: it is my intention that you will do this
has just finished articulating need for prayer, subjects of prayer, motivation for prayer – vv.1-7
in effect says “men, get busy!”; lead in prayer, spend time in prayer, persevere and prevail in prayer
major reason for weakness of church: lack of praying men; thank God for praying women, but…
kind of praying not for sissies, girlie-men; think Elijah, prophets of Baal, praying close/open heaven’s faucets
characterized by personal holiness – holy hands
if you came to church/prayer without washing hands, what would be on them?
dirt and grime from honest labor in service to God and neighbor?
sticky little girl or boy fingerprints left by a child you helped to find the right way?
hands tightly closed to hide unethical profit? covered to conceal bruises from abusing another? evidence of behavior displeasing to God? if so, God will not listen to you (see Isa. 1:15)
holy hands are ones opened so they may be filled by One who gives good gifts, meets every need
ones that have done good, dependent on God for resources to continue serving well
hands not like priest or Levite, but like Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37) – toward all who come within reach
minds as well as hands to be captive to Christ; not like little boy, told to sit in corner, standing on outside, but inside…
reverent and worshipful in thought as well as word – prayer and praise must be consistent with thoughts
remember what Jesus told Samaritan woman: worship acceptable to God is “in spirit and truth” (John 4:24)
God is just as concerned with mind and motive as he is with specific action
no anger, no quarreling
public worship not the place for airing grievances or even stewing on them – why Jesus said: don’t even think about worship, go mend the relationship first (Matt. 5:23-24)
surrounded by brothers and sisters – prayer should be: may we all receive blessing God has in store, encouraged and stimulated and equipped for coming week
and, if anyone here not brother/sister, pray God will convert them, adopt them, change from enemies to children
C. godly women
how do you define beauty? basis for self-worth? Is it a function of external appearance? That hairstyle/color – makeup – outfit – brand – will make me beautiful, desirable. I know I’m beautiful/valuable if I turn heads going down the street or hallway or aisle because of the above.
==>> important note: Bible not against beauty, fashion, desirability. Bible does teach women are to be beautiful according to God’s definition, wearing fashions that enhance that beauty, having a beauty that makes them desirable to right people in right way for right reasons.
way of life, not manner of dress, should be how you are known
sensibly, with moderation, suitably for the occasion and culture – clothing and accessories that send right message
braided hair / gold / pearls / costly clothing – sent wrong message in Ephesus
must communicate: love Jesus and care about bodies as temple of the Holy Spirit, not a symbol of something world considers important
“Yet we must always begin with the dispositions; for where debauchery (promiscuity) reigns within, there will be no chastity; and where ambition reigns within, there will be no modesty in the outward dress.” Calvin
life adorned with good works
beauty fueled by inner holiness – 1 Peter 3:1-4
“a gentle and quiet spirit” evident in both appearance and life
Rev. 19:7-8 “…the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready.” And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
so, ladies: is your primary investment in the “fine linen, clean and bright” that has significance in both this life and the next? Or is it in trinkets and treasures the world holds dear?
Matt. 5:16 “Let your light so shine before men that they may see your good works and praise you to high heaven.” NOT
If you truly believe it is your most important duty to glorify God and enjoy him forever, you must be known as one who lives a godly life.
If pleasing God at home and church is your motivation (and it should be), must have reputation for drawing attention to God, not self.
This kind of character, quality of life – cannot be achieved by following list of do’s and dont’s. Will only be found in men and women who are filled with Spirit of God and are committed to following Word of God. That’s only true of those who have been redeemed by the Son of God, the Lord Jesus. Cleansing from sin found only at the Cross of Christ also essential ingredient. Thank God he has done for us what we could not do for ourselves – guaranteeing full salvation to those who “believe in the Lord Jesus Christ”.