Early on in church history, several leaders – theologians, pastors, historians – recognized what is called “threefold office of Christ”. Was during time of Protestant Reformation – in particular John Calvin and his contemporaries – who really developed both teaching and application of doctrine. One important point they made: Lord Jesus not only has threefold office, he is full and perfect fulfillment of what it means to be prophet, priest and king according to God’s standard. Concept has roots in Old Testament and its examples, is pretty thoroughly taught in book of Hebrews.
“The prophet spoke God’s words to the people; the priest offered sacrifices, prayers, and praises to God on behalf of the people; and the king ruled over the people as God’s representative. These three offices foreshadowed Christ’s own work in different ways. …Christ fulfills these three offices in the following ways: as prophet he reveals God to us and speaks God’s words to us; as priest he both offers a sacrifice to God on our behalf and is himself the sacrifice that is offered; and as king he rules over the church and over the universe as well.” Grudem
“Just as three categories of individuals were anointed as types of Christ – prophets, priests, and kings – it was thus necessary that Christ would also have these three offices and minister in them, so that He would be able to remove the threefold misery of man. He removes blindness by His prophetic office, enmity with God by His priestly office, and inability by His kingly office. That Christ is Prophet, Priest, and King, ministering in these three offices on behalf of His elect, is evident throughout the Holy Scriptures.” Wilhelmus a Brakel
Hebrews spends the most time on Jesus in his office of priest. But don’t forget: started out with Prophet – “God has in these last days spoken to us through his Son”. Next, he addresses Jesus in his office of King. And in all three offices, Jesus is the Best! In his office of King, is sovereign not servant; has his Father’s endorsement; sits on everlasting throne; exercises a righteous rule; rules over a real kingdom; and was anointed by God for his office.
A. sovereign vs. servant v.7
“who makes” – is a Creator/creature distinction here: Creator has the authority and prerogative to decide what office or function his creatures will perform
angels do not act independently; have no authority on their own, do have assigned tasks to carry out at God’s direction
angels have a glory greater than man – even Lord Jesus when he took on human form was made “a little lower than the angels” (Heb. 2:7); Jesus has greater glory now, angel’s glory will always be that of creatures
“His angels” – Creator has both right of ruler-ship and right of ownership over his creation: are His angels to command
notice also: “spirits” or “winds” and “flame of fire” – “the wind blows where it wishes” (John 3:8) things that are changeable, not permanent; unlike God who is unchanging
“His ministers” – their office is that of service to God and to people; Bible doesn’t give nearly as much detail about angels as we want, but…all God intends us to know is there
what we believe about the nature and office/work of angels must be governed by Scripture, not anecdotes or media
angels are ones with a message: “evangel“, good news – they bring messages from God to his people (numerous examples in Bible…Jacob, Joshua, Daniel, Zacharias, Mary, Joseph…..)
angels are high-powered ambassadors sent to take action – servants of the king sent to do the king’s business in his kingdom; not simply on call 24/7, are on active duty and act instantly at Lord Jesus’ command
they are servants of the King of kings and Lord of lords, after all!
B. divine sanction v.8a
“to the Son He says” – God…the Father, had things to say about the angels, but now, he has something far more glorious
angels are servants, messengers ministers; the Son, he is the sovereign, and not on his own authority
some people have issues with other people, especially authority; decide to take tools, build own sandbox, play there – own business, own church, a few have tried to start own country!
not so the Lord Jesus – it was Father who told Son “here is your throne…and it has these particular characteristics”
note: is one thing to take issue with a peer, what they say or do, maybe even supervisor; don’t even think about challenging the King, specially when it was God who made him king
“He says…O God” – 48x in Bible find phrase “O king”….David <> Saul; Nathan <> David; Esther <> Ahasuerus; Daniel <> Nebuchadnezzar; Paul <> Agrippa; 2x, a different combination:
Ps. 145:1I will extol You, my God, O King; And I will bless Your name forever and ever.
Rev. 15:3 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints!
not simply a father/son conversation in the palace recorded here in verse 8 – is God the Father speaking to God the Son
want another place from the Bible to give those who deny Jesus is God? here’s a good one, for Mormons, Muslims, skeptics
if Prince George lives to grow up and outlasts his older relatives, may someday sit on the throne of his William – not what we’re talking about here – this is God being enthroned over the kingdom of his choice
C. everlasting throne v.8a
“Your throne…is forever and ever” – his rule and kingdom are unlike any other: past, present, or future
quotation here from Psalm 45:6-7 written by sons of Korah (choir director)
John Owen – “There is scarce any thing in the psalm that can with propriety of speech be applied unto Solomon…most of the things mentioned, and expressions of them, do so immediately and directly belong unto the Lord Christ as that they can in no sense be applied unto the person of Solomon.“
if you have any question about who is ultimately in charge in the world, even the universe, wonder no more – is God himself, in person of Jesus; the God-Man, ascended and glorified and enthroned
Phil. 2:9-11 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name,that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth,and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
he is King, not just for a lifetime, or until overthrown by palace plot – is King now, will be King until end of this age, will still be King with a throne in next age
Rev. 22:1, 3 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb….And there shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him.
D. righteous rule v.8b
“scepter of righteousness” – his rule, symbolized by scepter, is righteous because the King is righteous; his character is evident in his actions
is same righteous character that is credited to true believers in Christ: 2 Cor. 5:21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
is his inherent righteousness that is evident in every aspect of his kingly rule – imagine an unrighteous kingdom, one that is everlasting! What unspeakable horror! Not so in kingdom of Christ
“all his administrations of grace, mercy, justice, rewards, and punishments, according to the rules, promises, and threats of it, in the conversion, pardon, sanctification, trials, afflictions, chastisements, and preservation of his elect; in his convincing, hardening, and destruction of his enemies; are all righteous, holy, unblamable, and good.” John Owen
E. real kingdom v.8c-9a
“scepter of Your Kingdom” – not just a kingdom on paper, fantasy or make-believe; is a real kingdom with real King, subjects
is a place where there is real justice: King makes the right call every time – knows all the facts and judges justly
lawlessness will not be tolerated; have you noticed how much lawlessness has increased? we don’t call it that – use names like terrorism, riots, hate crimes
King is not only good to his willing subjects, he will subdue all his enemies, converting some and condemning the rest
1 Cor. 15:24-26 Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet.The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.
this King has authority and power to bring about righteousness and justice in his kingdom – he will indeed fulfill prophecy
Isa. 9:6-7 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.Of the increase of His government and peace There will be no end, Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, To order it and establish it with judgment and justice From that time forward, even forever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
F. divine anointing v.9b
“God, Your God, has anointed You” – God has fully equipped and empowered the God-Man for his appointed office of King
humbling himself to take on form of a servant, to come in likeness of men – in no way diminished Jesus’ fitness for office
every true servant of God not only appointed by God but anointed – the oil a sign of the Holy Spirit, whose presence and active empowering is essential to carrying out duties of office
Isa. 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound;
every servant possesses Spirit in some measure; Lord Jesus possessed Spirit in boundless measure
John 3:34 For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure.
God the Father and God the Spirit made certain that God the Son lacked absolutely nothing necessary to his office of King of kings and Lord of lords.
The King of kings has a real kingdom – is in this world but not of this world. Has a real throne, too, and he is ruling over his subjects. What kind of subject are you? Do you willingly submit to his authority? Lovingly obey his commands? Worship and adore him as the Lord of your life? King Jesus wants nothing less than our complete loyalty, love and obedience. With God’s help, depending fully on him, make that the character of your life so long as God gives you breath.